To face the continual increase in oil demand in the international market over the last few years, coupled with the stabilization of national hydrocarbon resources and the growth in the national demand of energy, since 2000 the energy balance in Tunisia has been characterized by an energy production deficit. Tunisia has made considerable efforts, for three decades, in energy conservation which led to a significant decline in primary energy intensity.
However, despite these efforts, the energy system faces today to major challenges related to security of energy supply and economic sustainability.
To overcome these barriers, Tunisian authorities have committed in an energy transition process based on reinforcing its energy conservation policy.
For this purpose, Tunisia has launched in 2013 a national debate on energy to define the strategic objectives of the new policy by 2030 which will take into consideration:
- the decrease of primary energy demand by 30%, compared to the baseline scenario;
- the achievement of 30% share of electricity produced from renewable resources.
To reach these objectives, the Tunisian government implemented a number of instruments that would strengthen the existing tools:
- the adoption of a new law on the independent power production from renewable resources; this law was approved and published in 2015;
- the creation of the Energy Transition Fund that replaced the National Energy Conservation Fund in order to increase its resources, extend its operational areas and broaden the range of eligible actions;
- the development of a Tunisian Solar Plan which defines the path and investments to be achieved by 2030.